Seeing the Person and Work of Jesus Christ in Nehemiah Chapter 2

Broken walls new
This is a work in progress…but it is posted now as a means to stimulate thought and discussion.

When we read Nehemiah, Chapter 2, there are some very clear parallels between the activities of Nehemiah during his 3 day and 3 night journey to Jerusalem and that of the final days of Jesus Christ’s earthly ministry.

Like Nehemiah, who was the only other Person Who went to Jerusalem for three days and three nights?

Who else, like Nehemiah, went with no man with Him? (where no one else could go?)

Who else, like Nehemiah, did not inform anyone of His business before hand?

Who else, like Nehemiah, “viewed” the walls at night?

We should all be aware that the word viewed was placed there by the Hebrew translators but it is not in the original texts.  The Hebrew word for “viewed” שָׂבַר sâbar, saw-bar’ was put there by the translator because they said the word in the original text was erroneously שָׁבַר shâbar in both Nehemiah 2:13 and 2:15).  While , שָׂבַר sâbar is a primitive root; to scrutinize; by implication (of watching) to expect (with hope and patience):—hope, tarry, view, wait; שָׁבַר shâbar is interpreted as “purchase” as in buying wheat.  The fact that the jot (dot) was on the top of the right arm rather than the left arm of the Hebrew letter was no accident, because God made sure that it was repeated twice!  So then, while it would seem perfectly correct and logical from a temporal, earthly, historical perspective that Nehemiah would have “viewed/examined” the walls; nonetheless, from a the spiritual perspective, we know that Jesus (who is clearly being presaged by Nehemiah), because of His Atoning sacrifice (that started on Passover night the Garden of Gethsemane after crossing the Brook Kidron), “purchased” the walls!  We know this when we remember that all believers are purchased by the shed blood of Jesus as we read in 1 Corinthians 6:20, “For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.” Also in 1 Corinthians 7:23, “Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.”   And we are the “lively stones” that are built into the walls of the spiritual New Jerusalem and the spiritual house of God…see 1 Peter 2:5, “Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ” See also Ephesians 2:19-22, “Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief cornerstone; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.”

Who went out by night before the spiritual “dragon well” and by a spiritual “dung port” as presaged by Nehemiah?

Who crossed over the brook, Kidron, (at night) as presaged by Nehemiah? (Please remember that the Garden of Gethsemane is on the other side of the brook, Kidron, from Jerusalem…and as we read in John 18:1…”When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron (Kidron in Greek), where was a garden (Gethsemane), into the which he entered, and his disciples.”).

Spiritually, the Brook Kidron strongly suggests the eternal fires of Hell, as the Brook Kidron is where all the refuse was dumped and continually burned from the ancient city of Jerusalem. It is mentioned explicitly 8 times in the Bible and every time it relates to Hell as it where all the false idols were broken , stamped to powder and burned (e.g. 2 Kings 23:12 and 2 Chronicles 15:16), and also where the priests, the Levites, carried out all of the uncleannesses out of the Temple (2 Chronicles 29:16). Consistent with that, Kidron also means “Very Black, Full of Darkness”.  Jesus describes Hell three times as “outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.” (Matthew 8:12, 22:13, 25:30)

What other analogies can be found?  Please search for yourselves.

I will try to get back to this study myself in the future…the Lord willing, as there are many, many analogies to be found.

NEW POST ADDITION: July 10, 2016

Let’s take a closer look at another interesting analogy that refers to the enemies of Nehemiah (Nehemiah, by extension, clearly represents Jesus Christ in Nehemiah Chapter 2…in case that was not clear enough in the above):

Nehemiah 2:10

When SANBALLAT the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, heard [of it], it grieved them exceedingly that there was come a man to seek the welfare of the children of Israel.

Isn’t it interesting that two persons (along with representatives from many nearby nations in the world at that time, see Nehemiah 4:7 below) sought to hinder the work of Nehemiah that he had set out to accomplish…that of rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem and thereby seeking “the welfare of the children of Israel.”

Those two persons were named Sanballat and Tobiah. Who might those two persons represent?

IF the analogy presented above equating the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem by Nehemiah following his solo journey to view (“purchase”) the walls during three days and nights with that laying the ground work for the building of the walls of the eternal Jerusalem, the Church, by Jesus Christ (Himself being the Chief Corner Stone), then those two persons ought to have counterparts in the New Testament who sought to defeat the efforts of Jesus in that work. Hmmmm?

Is it only pure coincidence that Sanballat means “hatred (or thorn) in secret.”?

You be the judge.

And the Bible tells us that Sanballat was also a “Horonite”  A Horonite is someone who lives in a cave, and one reference declares such a person to be a “trogolodite”. (see A Dictionary of Scriptural Proper Names, by J.B. Jackson). At a minimum, we have been given some insight that Sanballat is likely to not be a very nice person. So once again, who might Sanballat represent? Who sought to defeat Jesus at the cross of Calvary to keep Jesus from completing His mission? And who was filled with hatred of Jesus and those who followed Jesus and are considered his kinsman (the True Jews)?

Altogether, there at ten verses in the Book of Nehemiah that mention Sanballat, but in Chapter 4 there are a number of references:

1 “But it came to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we builded the wall, he was wroth, and took great indignation, and mocked the Jews.

2  And he spake before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, What do these feeble Jews? will they fortify themselves? will they sacrifice? will they make an end in a day? will they revive the stones out of the heaps of the rubbish which are burned?

3 Now Tobiah the Ammonite [was] by him, and he said, Even that which they build, if a fox go up, he shall even break down their stone wall.

4 Hear, O our God; for we are despised: and turn their reproach upon their own head, and give them for a prey in the land of captivity:

5 And cover not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out from before thee: for they have provoked [thee] to anger before the builders.

6 So built we the wall; and all the wall was joined together unto the half thereof: for the people had a mind to work.

7 But it came to pass, [that] when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and the Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites, heard that the walls of Jerusalem were made up, [and] that the breaches began to be stopped, then they were very wroth,

8 And conspired all of them together to come [and] to fight against Jerusalem, and to hinder it.”
Nehemiah 13:28

“And [one] of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, [was] son in law to SANBALLAT the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me.”

We can also see from the above verse that the high priest was in league with Sanballat in seeking to defeat Nehemiah’s efforts. Isn’t that interesting? In the New Testament, do we see a high priest who in effect was also in league with someone who was seeking to stop Jesus by having Jesus put to death at the cross? Yes we do, and his name was Caiaphas. Hmmm?

And what about Tobiah? Tobias in Hebrew means “goodness of God” which is a good thing, but Tobiah was also an Ammonite, which is NOT “good” from a Biblical perspective as described below.
Nehemiah 13:1

“On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the AMMONITE and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever;”

Please compare with what we find here:
Deuteronomy 23:3

“An AMMONITE or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the LORD for ever:”

Ammon and Moab were the offspring of Lot by his two daughters.

There is still more to do regarding this Bible study concerning Nehemiah, Chapter 2.

Explore posts in the same categories: Bible Studies

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