Archive for September 2022

The Road to Emmaus

September 26, 2022
An Ancient Road, Source Unknown

The Road to Emmaus: Coming to Know Jesus, The Way, The Truth and The Life

In Luke 24:13-35, we are confronted with a most interesting account where two of Jesus’s disciples (one of whom is named Cleopas*) did not recognize Jesus after His Resurrection when He met them along their journey on the Road to Emmaus.  Jesus’s Identity was initially withheld from those disciples.

In Luke 24:13 & 14, we read where two of Jesus’s disciples were walking and talking together about the recent events (Jesus’s crucifixion on Friday, and His body being found to be missing on the morning of that very same Sunday morning when the disciples were heading (evidently downhill, from Jerusalem) to Emmaus, “And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem [about] threescore furlongsAnd they talked together of all these things which had happened.”

A few things to note here.  The two disciples were on their way to the village of Emmaus. Emmaus means “hot springs/warm springs”, which, when we view this account from a spiritual perspective, could be viewed as an allegorical reference to hell. Moreover, “threescore” is sixty, which contains the number “six” which is associated with mankind having been created on the “sixth” day. So yes, the disciples, prior to “knowing Jesus” were being used in this account to represent all of mankind, who apart from Divine intervention, would otherwise remain in sin darkened blindness, travelling together down the road to hell. The Good News is that, as we will learn more below, Jesus met them along the way and their eyes were opened and they knew Him indicating that they were among the elect, and therefore also represent all who are to be saved through the faith and knowledge of the Lord Jesus Christ!   

In Luke 24:15, we next read that, “And it came to pass, that, while they communed [together] and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.” 

As we noted previously in the study of the Book of Ruth, when the Bible says that “it came to pass”, it is almost always alerting us to the fact that something significant is about to unfold. The significant event developed while the two disciples were communing together and reasoning together on the road to Emmaus.  The word “reasoning” is translated from the Greek word, συζητέω syzētéō G4802, which means to “enquire”, “question”, “discuss”, “dispute”, and it is not unlike what we read in the Old Testament in the translation from Hebrew of Isaiah 1:18, “Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool.” We also know, from Amos 3:3, “Can two walk together, except they be agreed?

Their eyes were holden (closed)

In Luke 24:16, we read where even though Jesus drew near to them and joined with the two disciples on that road, we read in “But their eyes were holden (closed) that they should not know him.” They did not have “the eyes to see” that it was Jesus, and, therefore, they could not know Him. [For more on “eyes to see”, please see the-hearing-ear-and-the-seeing-eye/]

However, a bit later we read in Luke 24:27, “And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.”  Later on, in verse Luke 24:31, we read, “And their eyes were openedG1272, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight. ¶And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he openedG1272 to us the scriptures?

We see this repeated again later in Luke 24:44&45: “And He (Jesus) said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning meThen openedG1272, he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,”  

The word “opened” is from the Greek word, διανοίγω (dianoigō) G1272, which means to “open thoroughly” (what had been closed), such as a womb after a birth (such that what is once opened cannot be closed again). No one can “understand the scriptures” if our eyes are not “opened” by God to see that Jesus is the Fulfillment of all the Old Testament scriptures.

This point is reiterated in Acts 3:18, “But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.”   Again in Acts 10:43, we read where the Apostle Peter declared, “To him (Jesus Christ) give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.”  In John 1:45 we read where, “Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”  Finally, in Romans 1:1-3, we read, “Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord

We can see, therefore, that effectively the entire Bible has been precisely crafted by Godby His Holy Spirit, into one cohesive, consistent whole, from beginning to end and was written as a “parable,” in that only if God has given the reader “eyes to see” can the Bible truly be understood and applied to his heart, otherwise the Word remains hidden to that individual.  It is the only way to “hear” Jesus (see Matthew 17:5).  Because this is so, we can also see how it should be possible to “see” the Lord Jesus Christ (He is both the Word and Wisdom) on each and every page, whether it be in the New, or Old, Testament.  In I Corinthians 13:12, we read, “For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.

It would appear that God’s intent was to initiate a discussion between Jesus and the two disciples to create an account that provides the believer with insights on how God intervenes in our lives to lead us into truth from the scriptures. At the outset, the disciples were “blind” with respect to “seeing” and “knowing” Jesus from the Old Testament scriptures.

Proverbs 20:12, “The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them. God must give the person the spiritual eyesight to see Jesus in the Old Testament.

Psalm 119:18, “Open thou mine eyesthat I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.” Jesus is the “wondrous” thing to behold in the law (the scriptures of the Bible).

Luke 24:17, “And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?” Jesus enquired of the disciples to explain their bewilderment and the associated sorrow it was causing.

Luke 24:18, “And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?” The disciples were astonished that this person could not be aware of what had just happened in Jerusalem and therefore wondered if he was a stranger.

*Cleopas (G2810 Κλεοπᾶς , meaning “of a renowned father”) may or not be the same person as Jesus’s named uncle on Jesus’s mother’s, Mary’s, side, Cleophas (G2832 Κλωπᾶς, meaning “my exchanges”). Please see John 19:25. At a minimum, we can say that, based on Luke 24:18, the disciple, Cleopas, was representative of all of the children of God, Who is our Renowned Father in Heaven.

Luke 24:19, “And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:”

Luke 24:20-22, “And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.” The disciples believed that Jesus was the Messiah, the Redeemer of National Israel, but yet instead of “saving” them, Jesus was put to death by cruxifixction! The disciples’ faith and understanding was carnally focused, and not spiritually focused, and moreover, they were looking for a “political” savior/redeemer and did not understand that Jesus was the Eternal Spiritual Sacrificial Lamb of God, Who came to save the eternal Israel from all sin.

But the disciples were also baffled because they also wondered that perhaps Jesus could have been resurrected from the dead on that very morning, Resurrection Sunday morning, because of what these disciples report next, but it is clear that they still were doubting.

Luke 24:22&23, “Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre; And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.” The tomb was empty, Jesus’s body was not there, the “certain women” (“Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary [the mother] of James, and other [women]” according to Luke 24:10. Salome was another of the women, Mark 16:1) who told the apostles what had happened but, according to Luke 24:11, “their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.

Luke 24:24, “And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.” John 20:1-10 provides the most detail regarding the reaction of Peter and John, who ran to the sepulchre and also found the tomb empty along with the burial cloths. Notably, we read in John 20:8&9, that “Then went in also that other disciple, which came first tothe sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.” They saw and believed that the tomb was empty and Jesus’s body was gone, but nothing more than that.

Jesus Called the Disciples “Fools”

Luke 24:25, ”Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:” Jesus was rebuking the disciples, in calling them “fools” (from the Greek, ἀνόητος (anoētos) G453 ), which meant that they were unwise and lacked understanding (of heart to believe) all of the scriptures and prophets pointed to Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection. Apart from the direct intervention of God, everyone in the world is exactly the same as these disciples. We are all, by nature, such “fools”, and therefore “unwise”, and we all by nature “lack understanding” to know the Person and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ and to know HIM as The Savior, unless and until the Holy Spirit of God opens our spiritual eyes and ears to understand the scriptures. We must also remember that the two disciples Road to Emmaus encounter with Jesus was prior to Jesus’s Ascension, and before the Holy Spirit was poured out at Pentecost. The Holy Spirit is required to “quicken” the believer, which means to “make alive”, also known as the new birth in the Spirit. When that happens. we can clearly “see” Jesus with our spiritual eyes, and “hear” with our spiritual ears, and become His true disciples.

Remember that Jesus said in John 14:15&16, “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, [even] the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Fatherhe shall testify of me:” …And…

John 14:26, “But the Comforter, [which is] the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” …And…

John 16:13, “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, [that] shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.

Luke 24:26, “Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?Isaiah 53:1-12 makes this clear, but so do many other scriptures as is indicated next with Jesus expositions of the scriptures.

Luke 24:27, “And beginning at Moses and all the prophetshe expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.” It is worth repeating once again that, later in verses 44 & 45, “And He (Jesus) said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me.  Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures,”   This point is reiterated in Acts 3:18, “But those things, which God before had shewed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.”   Again in Acts 10:43, we read where the Apostle Peter declared, “To him (Jesus Christ) give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.”  In John 1:45 we read where, “Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”  Finally, in Romans 1:1-3, we read, “Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called [to be] an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord” And finally, remember that Jesus said in Matthew 5:17 , “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.” Jesus Is the fulfillment of all the Old Testament scriptures!

Luke 24:28 & 29, “And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.” But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.” Abide is from the Greek word, μένω (menō) G3306, which means to “dwell” or “sojourn”, and the word “tarry” is the same Greek word. We want to be like Jacob at “Peniel” (“the face of God”) in Genesis 32:26-30 where Jacob was named Israel by God and where Jacob would not let God go without first receiving God’s blessing.

Jesus is the Bread of Life, He was broken for the believers, and Jesus imparts it to the believers to open their eyes to know Him out of the Old Testament. 

Luke 24:30&31, “And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.”  Note the introduction again, “And it came to pass”!

Note how well this account meshes with Luke 24:35, “And they told what things [were done] in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

The key point so clear here is that Jesus has to “break the bread” for the believers.  Jesus also has to first “bless the bread” for the believers. Jesus has to give the bread to the believers. Hallelujah!

We know that Jesus is the “The Bread of Life” according to John 6:35, “And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.” And in John 6:48, Jesus said, “I am that bread of life.”  

Moreover, Jesus Himself had to be broken, remember where the communion was instituted at the Last (Passover) Supper, Jesus gave the disciples pieces of broken bread and said according to Matthew 26:26, “And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed [it] and brake [it], and gave [it] to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.”

In Luke 22:19 we read, “And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake [it], and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.”

In 1 Corinthians 11:23 & 24 we get some further important elaboration from God via Paul, “For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the [same] night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake [it], and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.” 

So Jesus was saying that He is that Bread of Life that was broken for the believers, and given for them as a substitutionary atoning sacrifice, and that they must eat in remembrance of Him.  And when the two disciples received the bread from Jesus in the Road to Emmaus account, “their eyes were opened and they knew Him.” The two disciples recognized Jesus for Who He Is and they knew Him!  

Remembering in John 1:14 that Jesus is the Word made flesh, “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.” Therefore, when Jesus had opened the Word of God unto the disciples, “beginning at Moses and all the prophetshe expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself” Jesus was exposing Himself, symbolized by that broken bread, as their Lord God and Savior and they had their spiritual eyes opened to see Him!  

Although Jesus immediately vanished out of the physical sight of the disciples, Jesus remained in the spiritual sight of the disciples and the following was the result…

Luke 24:32, “And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

They recounted how their hearts burned within them!  That should be the exact same feeling that every believer should have when Jesus is expounded out Moses (the first five books of the Bible), and all the prophets and all the scriptures concerning Jesus Christ! Jesus is the essence and fulfillment of all the Old Testament scriptures as Jesus said in John 5:39, “Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.” It cannot get any more plain than that! This Bereansearching Blog ( is dedicated to this exact same purpose.

The account describes two disciples who were on a path away from the Holy City who did not see that Jesus had to fulfill the requirements of the Old Testament sacrificial laws…that He had to be both the Lamb of God and the office of the High Priest that offers up that Sacrifice, the Kinsman Redeemer (as in Ruth), the Saviour in Psalms, the Fulfillment of the Types of the Great men of faith as listed by example in Hebrews 11:32. But once Jesus expounded and opened up to them out of all the scriptures concerning Himself, they understood that something new and amazing was going on. They begged for Jesus to dwell with them and then, when Jesus broke the bread for them, they suddenly “knew” Him.

Jesus Follows-Up Immediately Thereafter with the Other Disciples

The two disciples went back to Jerusalem that same hour to the eleven remaining disciples to tell them what had just taken place and then we read how Jesus similarly opens the understanding (of the assembled eleven remaining disciples) to the Old Testament scriptures concerning Himself:

Luke 24:33-36, “And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them, Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.And they told what things [were done] in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread. ¶ And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace [be] unto you.” And then after showing He had risen from the dead, and was not a spirit as they supposed, He ate some broiled fish and honeycomb in front of them and then in Luke 24:44-49, we see Jesus opening their understanding to the Old Testament scriptures,And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, ¶And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things. And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.” The Gift of the Holy Spirit being promised by Jesus, which was fulfilled on Pentecost 33AD.


The meaning of the Road to Emmaus…and it is the Key to Unveiling the Mystery of the Bible…is that the entire Bible (both the Old Testament and New Testaments) is all about the Person and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ to bring salvation to sinners! Moreover, unless God “breaks the bread” by opening the Bible to us, the law of Moses, the prophets, and in the psalms, and the whole rest of the Bible concerning Jesus, we will remain in ignorance of the Truth.

(Please see also:

Post Script:

For a more flowery, but no less valid summary account of the meaning of the Road to Emmaus, it is recommended that the reader also take a look at this dissertation by Spurgeon from the 1880s in England:

Spurgeon on the Road to Emmaus Part 1

Spurgeon on the Road to Emmaus Part 2

“Widows”, “Fatherless”,”Strangers” (and “Poor”): A Spiritual Understanding of the Biblical Books of Ruth and Esther: Jesus, The Messiah, Is in Both Books!

September 16, 2022
The casting of “pur” or “lot” in the Book of Esther is like the rolling of dice, but as we know from Proverbs 16:33, “The lot is cast into the lap; but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.“ Esther was an orphan, thus counted among the “fatherless”.

The Only Two Books With Women’s Names

It is far more than mere coincidence that the only two books in the entire Bible which are named after women, Ruth and Esther, also happen to provide historical accounts of women who are, respectively,  “widows” (Ruth and Naomi, and Ruth was also a “stranger”, and because they were destitute they were also most certainly “poor”) and “fatherless” (Esther was an orphan raised up by her elder cousin, Mordecai).  Why is that?  We can begin to find the answer by searching God’s word, the Bible, to find that in Psalm 68:5, God declares, “A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, [is] God in his holy habitation.” Then in Jeremiah 49:11, “Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve [them] alive; and let thy widows trust in me.”  In Zechariah 7:8-10 we read, “And the word of the Lord came unto Zechariah, saying, Thus speaketh the Lord of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.” Also in Psalms 10:13&14, “Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require [it]. Thou hast seen [it]; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite [it] with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.

In Psalm 146:9,The LORD preserveth the strangers; he relieveth the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked he turneth upside down.”  

Moreover back in Deuteronomy 10:17-19 we read, “For the Lord your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward: He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment. Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

We also read in the New Testament in James 1:2, “Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.” Moreover, God classifies them together with the “stranger” as we read in Deuteronomy 27:19, “Cursed be he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.”  Finally we read in Jeremiah 20:13, “Sing unto the LORD, praise ye the LORD: for he hath delivered the soul of the poor from the hand of evildoers.”

In each of the two historical accounts provided in the books of Esther and Ruth, we will see God’s mercy and providence bestowed on those who would otherwise be entirely destitute and without any hope apart from God’s mercy alone.  Moreover, God is not mentioned once in Esther and only alluded to a few times in Ruth.  The best explanation is that God deliberately chose to remain hidden from direct view when dealing with those two women, who each are chosen as allegorical representatives of God’s beloved eternal Bride (the elect of God, His church).  Nonetheless, God’s providential care, mercy, and love for His Bride shines forth brightly for all to see.

Those two earthly, historically accurate, accounts of God’s providential mercy and lover for the destitute “fatherless” orphan (Esther) and “widows” (Naomis and Ruth, and Ruth as a “Moabitess“, was also a “stranger”) were provided by God in the Books of Esther and Ruth to typify His magnificent salvation plan, in which God displays His eternal spiritual mercy and love, by grace alone, to destitute sinners, who would otherwise be entirely without hope apart from the Person and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ.  Each book displays God’s complete mastery over time and space, involving supernatural ironies and challenges to faith, that glorify God in the process, and give us insights into Who God Is, and about His love for His saints, His Bride (the church), as made possible only through the intercessional and substitutional sacrifice of His Beloved Son, Jesus Christ. Jesus came to save sinners, and all of us are sinners, who are by nature (due to the original sin)…and destitute spiritual “widows”, “orphans”, “strangers” and “poor”.   However, by God’s grace alone, through the Person and Work of the Lord Jesus Christ alone, salvation is obtained for those whom God the Father draws to Jesus according to John 6:44.

A detailed exposition has already been produced on the Book of Esther. In that exposition it is shown that Esther, as an otherwise destitute “fatherless” orphan, was established by God as a typological representation of the body of believers from throughout the world (both Jews and Gentiles) who would ultimately co-share in God’s Kingdom as the Bride of Jesus Christ. In this historical “parable”, Mordechai, Esther’s elder, and nearest living relative, served as a nurturing savior to Esther, and guided her and her people in a time of great affliction to safety from their mortal enemies.  Mordechai, who was eventually elevated to the right hand of the King in glory and honor, is shown in that exposition to have been clearly and unequivocally established by God as a typological representation of the Lord Jesus Christ.

But what about Ruth?  It has already been pointed out by another writer, Warren W Wiersbe,[1] that there are some amazing twists and counterpoints when the two books are viewed together from the purely historical perspective.  Wiersbe correctly points out in one example that first, “The Book of Ruth tells the story of a Gentile who married a Jew and became ancestress of the Messiah (Jesus Christ),” while, “The book of Esther introduces us to a Jewess who married a Gentile and was used of God to save the Jewish nation from destruction so that the Messiah (Jesus Christ) could be born.” Both accounts are miraculous and glorify God in the events and the recording of them.

[1] Warren W. Wiersbe, Be Committed: An Old Testament Study- Ruth And Esther, SP Publications, Inc, 1993 (ISBN 1-56476-067-7)

But what about the spiritual perspective as was already exposited for Esther?  Are there similar parallels that we might find in the Book of Ruth?

Yes!, Indeed there are! Please see the newly completed study of the Book of Ruth.